From Thomas Hardy 's The Woodlanders of , though set earlier in the century:. Since dress hems extended down to the feet for most of this period, it was necessary to raise the hem above the ground to keep the dress clean even in well-swept and paved streets. Statistics Total Visits Views On macrovascular and renal complications in type 1 diabetes: In this thesis we first Study I aimed to investigate early signs of atherosclerosis, measured as carotid intima-media thickness cIMT , and its relation to insulin sensitivity in young type 1 diabetes individuals.
In earlier varieties of pattens, dating from the 12th century on, the stilt or wedge variety were more common. From the late 14th century, the flat variety became increasingly common. Leather pattens became fashionable in the 14th and 15th centuries, and in London appear to have begun to be worn as shoes over hose in the 15th century, spreading to a much wider section of the public. Furthermore, refuse in cities — animal especially horse dung and human effluent from chamber pots — was usually thrown directly into the street often with minimal advance warning.
Making full foot contact with such an unpleasant surface was, understandably, highly undesirable. Thus, pattens tended to only make contact with the ground through two or three strips of wood and raised the wearer up considerably, sometimes by four inches ten centimetres or more in contrast to clogs which usually have a low, flat-bottomed sole integral to the shoe. A later pattern of patten which seems to date from the 17th century, and then became the most common, had a flat metal ring which made contact with the ground, attached to a metal plate nailed into the wooden sole via connecting metal, often creating a platform of by several inches more than 7 centimetres.
Since dress hems extended down to the feet for most of this period, it was necessary to raise the hem above the ground to keep the dress clean even in well-swept and paved streets. The motto of the London Worshipful Company of Pattenmakers , the former representative guild for this trade, was and remains: The 19th-century invention of cheap rubber galoshes gradually displaced the patten, as did the widespread use of urban paving , especially elevated, paved pathways only for pedestrians - the now ubiquitous pavements , sidewalk in American English or hard road surfaces.
Wearing of pattens inside church was discouraged, if not outright forbidden: The aunt of the Brontë Sisters, Miss Branwell, seems to have been considered notably eccentric for wearing her pattens indoors:.
Pattens were not always easy to walk in, and despite their practical intention, literary evidence suggests that they could appear, at least to males, as a further aspect of feminine frailty and dependency. Samuel Pepys recorded in his Diary for January 24, From Thomas Hardy 's The Woodlanders of , though set earlier in the century:. She had, however, become aware before this that the driver of the approaching gig was Giles. She had shrunk from being overtaken by him thus; but as it was inevitable, she had braced herself up for his inspection by closing her lips so as to make her mouth quite unemotional, and by throwing an additional firmness into her tread.
She hesitated, removed her pattens, knocked the gravel out of them against the wheel, and mounted in front of the nodding specimen apple-tree. The word could also be used as a term for a wooden soled shoe, that is a chopine or clog , as opposed to an overshoe, until at least the nineteenth century. The word was also used for the traditional wooden outdoor shoes of Japan and other Asian countries.
These are shaped boards attached to the sole of a shoe, which extend sideways well beyond the shape of the foot, and therefore are a different sort of footwear from the patten discussed here. The side walls are stitched for a sturdy construction. Crocs Crocband Platform Clog. Stores are responsible for providing Shopzilla with correct and current prices. Sales taxes and shipping costs are estimates; please check store for exact amounts.
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of over 2, results for "platform clogs for women" Showing selected results. See all results for platform clogs for women. Mark and Maddux ANTONIO Wood Effect Platform Women's Clogs in Black. by Mark and Maddux. $ $ 34 95 Prime. FREE Shipping on eligible orders. Find platform clogs for women at ShopStyle. Shop the latest collection of platform clogs for women from the most popular stores - all in one place. Free shipping BOTH ways on Clogs & Mules, Platform, Women, from our vast selection of styles. Fast delivery, and 24/7/ real-person service with a smile. Click or call