More from Merriam-Webster on selvage Britannica. Non-selvedge jeans require a cleaning stitch to keep the outseam from unraveling. Views Read Edit View history. Also in industry sometimes the selvage is made thicker with a binding thread. US denim mills began modernizing their machinery to speed production as demand for denim grew world-wide.
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First Known Use of selvage 15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a. Learn More about selvage. Resources for selvage Time Traveler! Explore the year a word first appeared. In industry the selvage may be thicker than the rest of the fabric, and is where the main weft threads are reinforced with a tight weft back binding to prevent fraying.
A water- or air-jet loom creates a fringed selvage that is the same weight as the rest of the cloth, as by the weft thread is drawn via a jet nozzle, which sends the weft threads through the shed with a pulse of water. The selvage is then created by a heat cutter which trims the thread at both ends close to the edge of the cloth, and then it is beaten into place.
Thus it creates a firm selvage with the same thickness as the rest of the cloth. In the decorative embellishment of garments, especially in decorative pleat or ruffles , a selvage used as a ruffle is "self-finished", that is, it does not require additional finishing work such as hem or bias tape to prevent fraying.
Very often fabric near the selvage is unused and discarded, as it may have a different weave pattern, or may lack pile or prints that are present on the rest of the fabric, requiring that the selvage fabric be cut off or hidden in a hem.
Since industrial loomed fabric often has selvages that are thicker than the rest of the fabric, the selvage reacts differently. It may shrink or "pucker" during laundering and cause the rest of the object made with it to pucker also.
Thicker selvages are also more difficult to sew through. Quilters especially tend to cut off the selvage right after washing the fabric and right before cutting it out and sewing it together. For garments, however, the selvage can be used as a structural component as there is no need to turn under that edge to prevent fraying if a selvage is used instead. However, it is less used in homemade clothes because of the tendency of the selvage to pucker. Applying the term selvage to a hand-knitted object is still relatively new.
Most books on fabric define a selvage as the edge of a woven cloth. However, the term is coming into usage for hand-knitted objects. The edges of machine-knitted fabric on the other hand are rarely if ever referred to as selvages.
Selvages in knitting can either bear a special pattern worked into the first and last stitches or simply be the edge of the fabric. The two most common selvage stitches are the chain-edge selvage and the slipped-garter edge, both of which produce a nice edge. The chain-edge selvage is made by alternating rows of slipping the first stitch knitwise and knitting the last stitch, with rows of slipping the first stitch purlwise and purling the last stitch.
Knitting selvages makes the fabric easier to sew together than it would be otherwise. It also makes it easier to pick up stitches later,   and is a good basis for crocheting a further decorative edge. In the print industry, selvage is the excess area of a printed or perforated sheet of any material, such as the white border area of a sheet of stamps or the wide margins of an engraving etc.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the denim, see selvage denim. The complete idiot's guide to quilting illustrated. Retrieved July 9, Archived from the original on The Wool textile industry in Great Britain.
Selvedge is a magazine that promotes textiles and textile makers from around the world. We also sell textile products, run workshops, host fairs and events. Selvedge definition, the edge of woven fabric finished so as to prevent raveling, often in a narrow tape effect, different from the body of the fabric. See more. Selvedge goes by many spellings (selvage, self-edge, salvage) but it all equates to the same thing–the self-binding edge of a fabric woven on a shuttle loom.